Celia Rodriguez, Tnna Lerma Barbosa, Antonia Mendoza, Rosalina Balaciosos, Barbara Desmangles & community volunteers.
........The 1975 version of Corazon/Aztlan (Fig. 46) was the third mural to occupy the wall supporting an exit ramp from the Coronado Bay Bridge. The first mural was simply a collection of brushstrokes attempting to replace grey with color in the first mural phase. The second mural maintained the original brushstrokes, while the word Aztlan was written in the center of the composition. The third mural from 1975 introduced the human figure and the sacred heart, designed by Tomas Casteneda. From the veins of the heart flow the blood of life, connecting generations of family, while the blood flowing into the earth symbolizes human strength from the earth. By 1988, the mural was in need of repair. Salvador Torres then began renovating the mural, creating the fourth composition for the wall. Torres is proud of the fact that his version of Corazon/Aztlan is the first mural in Chicano Park to have employed the traditional Renaissance technique of pouncing, a method of transferring the design to the wall, in which a cartoon or design is drawn full-scale, with the major outlines perforated. Once the cartoon is secured to the wall, a small bag of fine powdered charcoal is pounced over the perforated outline, creating the design on the wall beneath. In 1989 Torres was back to repair the mural. A recycling truck had dropped twenty tons of scrap steel near the bridge exit onto the freeway, breaking the concrete surface of the bridge. CALTRANS repaired the damaged section of the bridge which, in turn, damaged the mural. Costs for repairing the mural came from the artist's pocket. After years of working with CALTRANS in Chicano Park, Torres was dismayed by the lack of respect concerning the scrap steel incident.
Why is it that we, even after appealing, why isn't it that we don't get that kind of recognition to say, "OK, twenty tons of steel damaged the bridge, the bridge has been repaired." Hey, don't we notice what is going on here? Isn't there anybody that cares about it [the murals and the park as a whole], aside from the artists?
........The 1988 Corazon/Aztlan mural including subsequent repair work (Fig. 47) is the fifth layer of paint on this surface. The palette is lighter, and retains the sacred heart connecting family members. Above the sacred heart, the eye of consciousness refers to an awakening awareness in life. Specifically, the eye refers to a spiritualist and healer named Sarita who lived not far from Chicano park.
........The design of Corazon/Aztlan extends upward into the box and grid support system of the bridge. To either side of the eye of consciousness, a young mother and young father embrace their children and point toward the sacred heart, "which is the heart of the park, which is the spirit of the whole [Chicano] movement, which is the land." Painting up into the understructure of the bridge itself is an attempt by the artists to unify the murals and the park as a whole, while attempting to make the bridge disappear completely.